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Cultural Diversity in Canada

Demographic Information on Cultural Diversity in Canada

Canadian Demographics at a Glance
This document traces Canada’s population growth from 1851 and shows estimated  population growth up to 2051. From 1851 to 1900, the population grew slowly by a few million. High fertility was offset by very high mortality levels. Then, in the first half of the twentieth century (1901 to 1945), despite the two world wars, the growth rate generally accelerated, notably because of the settlement of Western Canada. Owing to the baby-boom and strong immigration, the second half of the twentieth century saw the Canadian population grow at an even faster pace. During the last 60 years (from 1946 to 2006), Canada’s population went from 12.3 million to 32.6 million, an increase of more than 20 million. This growth is expected to continue in the coming decades, and Canada could have 42.5 million inhabitants in 2056, under the medium growth scenario of the latest population projections. However, Canada’s population growth is expected to fall off somewhat, mainly because of a decline in natural increase.

Ethnic Diversity and Immigration
Information on ethnic groups, visible minorities, the Canadian-born population, immigrants and non-permanent residents, and generation status in Canada (first generation, second generation, third generation or longer). Information on these populations includes statistics about their size, their geographic distribution, their origins, and their demographic characteristics. Data are available on citizenship; education, training, and skills; labour market and income; health status and access to health care; integration of newcomers; knowledge and use of languages; immigration history; religion; family; civic participation, attitudes, values, and social networks; perceived discrimination and unfair treatment; and other subjects.

Study: Projections of the diversity of the Canadian population
This bulletin from Statistics Canada provides information on the demographic changes occurring in Canada and projections for the year 2031. A table is provided which shows the proportion of foreign born and visible minority populations by metropolitan areas.

Cultural Diversity in Canada: The Social Construction of Racial Differences
This commissioned paper forms part of the “Strategic Issues” series of the “Statistics and Environmental Analysis Unit of the Research and Statistics Division (RSD)”. The goal of the series is to stimulate discussions and knowledge with researchers and policy makers.

Annual Levels of Immigration to Canada
Annual levels of immigration are a critical component of Canada’s immigration policies. This resource analyses immigration levels in Canada and their effects on immigrants’ entry earnings.